An Act to provide for the amendment in Canada of the Constitution of Canada

[October 30, 1964.]

WHEREAS Canada has requested, and consented to, the enactment of an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom in the terms hereinafter set forth, and the Senate and House of Commons of Canada in Parliament assembled have submitted Addresses to Her Majesty praying that Her Majesty may graciously be pleased to cause a Bill to be laid before the Parliament of the United Kingdom for that purpose:

Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

PART I

POWER TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION OF CANADA

1. Subject to this Part, the Parliament of Canada may make laws repealing, amending or re-enacting any provision of the Constitution of Canada.

2. No law made under the authority of this Part affecting any provision of this Act or section 51A of the British North America Act, 1867, or affecting any provision of the Constitution of Canada relating to

(a) the powers of the legislature of a province to make laws,

(b) the right or privileges granted or secured by the Constitution of Canada to the legislature or the government of a province,

(c) the assets or property of a province,

(d) the use of the English or French language,

shall come into force unless it is concurred in by the legislatures of all the provinces.

3. (1) No law made under the authority of this Part affecting any provision of the Constitution of Canada that refers to one or more, but not all, of the provinces, shall come into force unless it is concurred in by the legislature of every province to which the provision refers.

(2) Section 2 of this Act does not extend to any provision of the Constitution of Canada referred to in subsection (1) of this section.

4. (1) No law made under the authority of this Part affecting any provision of the Constitution of Canada relating to education in any province other than Newfoundland shall come into force unless it is concurred in by the legislatures of all the provinces other than Newfoundland.

(2) No law made under the authority of this Part affecting any provision of the Constitution of Canada relating to education in the province of Newfoundland shall come into force unless it is concurred in by the legislature of the province of Newfoundland.

(3) Sections 2 and 3 of this Act do not extend to any provision of the Constitution of Canada referred to in subsection (1) or (2) of this section.

5. No law made under the authority of this Part affecting any provision of the Constitution of Canada not coming within section 2, 3 or 4 of this Act shall come into force unless it is concurred in by the legislatures of at least two-thirds of the provinces representing at least fifty per cent of the population of Canada according to the latest general census.

6. Notwithstanding anything in the Constitution of Canada, the Parliament of Canada may exclusively make laws from time to time amending the Constitution of Canada in relation to the executive Government of Canada, and the Senate and House of Commons, except as regards

(a) the functions of the Queen and the Governor General in relation to the Parliament or Government of Canada;

(b) the requirements of the Constitution of Canada respecting a yearly session of Parliament;

(c) the maximum period fixed by the Constitution of Canada for the duration of the House of Commons, except that the Parliament of Canadamay, in time of real or apprehended war, invasion or insurrection, continue a House of Commons beyond such maximum period, if such continuation is not opposed by the votes of more than one-third of the members of such House;

(d) the number of members by which a province is entitled to be represented in the Senate;

(e) the residence qualifications of Senators and the requirements of the Constitution of Canada for the summoning of persons to the Senate by the Governor General in the Queen's name;

(f) the right of a province to a number of members in the House of Commons not less than the number of Senators representing such province;

(g) the principles of proportionate representation of the provinces in the House of Commons prescribed by the Constitution of Canada; and

(h) the use of the English or French language.

7. Notwithstanding anything in the Constitution of Canada, in each province the legislature may exclusively make laws in relation to the amendment from time to time of the Constitution of the province, except as regards the office of Lieutenant-Governor.

8. Any law to repeal, amend or re-enact any provision of the Constitution of Canada that is not authorized to be made either by the Parliament of Canada under the authority of section 6 of this Act or by the legislature of a province under the authority of section 7 of this Act is subject to the provisions of sections 1 to 5 of this Act.

9. Nothing in this Part diminishes any power of the Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province, existing at the coming into force of this Act, to make laws in relation to any matter.

10. No Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed after the coming into force of this Act shall extend or be deemed to extend to Canada or to any province or territory of Canada as part of the law thereof.

11. Without limiting the meaning of the expression "Constitution of Canada", in this Part that expression includes the following enactments and any order, rule or regulation thereunder, namely,

(a) the British North America Acts, 1867 to 1964;

(b) the Manitoba Act, 1870;

(c) the Parliament of Canada Act, 1875;

(d) the Canadian Speaker (Appointment of Deputy) Act, 1895;

(e) the Alberta Act;

(f) the Saskatchewan Act;

(g) the Statute of Westminster, 1931, in so far as it is part of the law of Canada; and

(h) this Act.

PART II

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT, 1867, AMENDED

12. Class 1 of section 91 of the British North America Act, 1867, as enacted by the British North America (No. 2) Act, 1949, and class 1 of section 92 of the British North America Act, 1867, are repealed.

13. The British North America Act, 1867, is amended by re-numbering section 94A thereof as 94B and by adding thereto, immediately after section 94 thereof, the following heading and section:

Delegation of Legislative Authority

"94A. (1) Notwithstanding anything in this or in any other Act, the Parliament of Canada may make laws in relation to any matters coming within the classes of subjects enumerated in classes (6), (10), (13) and (16) of section 92 of this Act, but no statute enacted under the authority of this subsection shall have effect in any province unless the legislature of that province has consented to the operation of such a statute in that province.

(2) The Parliament of Canada shall not have authority to enact a statute under subsection (1) of this section unless

(a) prior to the enactment thereof the legislatures of at least four of the provinces have consented to the operation of such a statute as provided in that subsection, or

(b) it is declared by the Parliament of Canada that the Government of Canada has consulted with the governments of all provinces, and that the enactment of the statute is of concern to fewer than four of the provinces and the provinces so declared by the Parliament of Canada to be concerned have under the authority of their legislatures consented to the enactment of such a statute.

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this or in any other Act, the legislature of a province may make laws in the province in relation to any matter coming within the legislative jurisdiction of the Parliament of Canada.

(4) No statute enacted by a province under the authority of subsection (3) of this section shall have effect unless

(a) prior to the enactment thereof the Parliament of Canada has consented to the enactment of such a statute by the legislature of that province, and

(b) a similar statute has under the authority of subsection (3) of this section been enacted by the legislatures of at least three other provinces.

(5) The Parliament of Canada or the legislature of a province may make laws for the imposition of punishment by fine, penalty or imprisonment for enforcing any law made by it under the authority of this section.

(6) A consent given under this section may at any time be revoked, and

a) if a consent given under subsection (1) or (2) of this section is revoked, any law made by the Parliament of Canada to which such consent relates that is operative in the province in which the consent is revoked shall thereupon cease to have effect in that province, but the revocation of the consent does not affect the operation of that law in any other province, and

b) if a consent given under subsection (4) of this section is revoked, any law made by the legislature of a province to which the consent relates shall thereupon cease to have effect.

(7) The Parliament of Canada may repeal any law made by it under the authority of this section, in so far as it is part of the law of one or more provinces, but if any repeal under the authority of this subsection does not relate to all of the provinces in which that law is operative, the repeal does not affect the operation of that law in any province to which the repeal does not relate.

(8) The legislature of a province may repal any law made by it under the authority of this section, but the repeal under the authority of this subsection of any law does not affect the operation in any other province of any law enacted by that province under the authority of this section."

PART III

French Version

14. The French version of this Act set forth in the Schedule to this Act shall form part of this Act.

PART IV

CITATION AND COMMENCEMENT

15. This Act may be cited as the Constitution of Canada Amendment Act.

16. This Act shall come into force on the ........................ day of .........................

SCHEDULE


Last HTML revision: 20 January, 1998.

William F. Maton