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British North America Act, 1946
9-10 George VI, c. 63 (U.K.)
An Act to provide for the readjustment of the representation of
the House of Commons of Canada consequent on the basis of the
population of Canada
[Assented 26 July 1946]
Whereas the Senate and the House of Commons of Canada in Parliament
assembled have submitted an address to His Majesty praying that
his Majesty may graciously be pleased to cause a Bill to be laid
before the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the enactment
of provisions hereinafter set forth:
Be it therefore enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty,
by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and
by the authority of the same, as follows:-
New provision as to readjustment of representation in Commons. 30 & 31 Vict. c. 3.
1. Section fifty-one of the British North America Act,
1867, is hereby repealed and the following substituted therefor:
- "51. (1) The number of members of the House of
Commons shall be two hundred and fifty-five and the representation
of the provinces therein shall forthwith upon the coming into
force of this section and thereafter on the completion of each
decennial census be readjusted by such authority, in such manner,
and from such time as the Parliament of Canada from time to time
provides, subject and according to the following rules:-
- 1. Subject as hereinafter provided, there shall be assigned
to each of the provinces a number of members computed by dividing
the total population of the provinces by two hundred and fifty-four
and by dividing the population of each province by the quotient
so obtained, disregarding, except as hereinafter in this section
provided, the remainder, if any, after the said process of division.
- 2. If the total number of members assigned to all the provinces
pursuant to rule one is less than two hundred and fifty-four,
additional members shall be assigned to the provinces (one to
a province) having remainders in the computation under rule one
commencing with the province having the largest remainder and
continuing with the other provinces in the order of the magnitude
of their respective remainders until the total number of members
assigned is two hundred and fifty-four.
- 3. Nothwithstanding anything in this section, if upon the
completion of a computation under rules one and two, the number
of members is less than the number of senators representing the
said province, rules one and two shall cease to apply in respect
of said province, and there be assigned to the said province a
number of senators.
- 4. In the event that rules one and two cease to apply in respect
of a province then, for the purpose of computing the number of
members to be assigned to the provinces in respect of which rules
one and two continue to apply, the total population of the provinces
shall be reduced by the number of the population of the province
in respect of which rules one and two have ceased to apply and
the number two hundred and fifty-four shall be reduced by the
number of members assigned to such province pursuant to rule three.
- 5. Such readjustment shall not take effect until the termination
of the then existing Parliament.
- (2) The Yukon Territory as constituted
by Chapter forty-one of the Statutes of Canada, 1901, together
with any Part of Canada not comprised within a province which
may from time to time be included therein by the Parliament of
Canada for the purposes of representation in Parliament, shall
be entitled to one member."
Short title and citation.
2. This Act may be cited as the British North America Act,
1946, and the British North America Acts, 1867 to 1943, and this
Act may be cited together as the British North America Acts, 1867
Last HTML revision: 25 September, 1995.